Surprising image from Saturn mission

Friday

This artist’s rendering shows NASA’s Cassini spacecraft above Saturn’s northern hemisphere, heading toward its first dive between Saturn and its rings on April 26, 2017. Picture: NASA/JPL-Caltech

NASA’s Cassini spacecraft has survived an unprecedented trip between Saturn and its rings, and has amazing pictures to show for it.

Flight controllers regained contact with Cassini on Thursday, a day after it became the first craft to cross this hazardous region.

The rings are made up of countless icy particles, any of which could have smacked Cassini. The spacecraft’s big dish antenna served as a shield as it hurtled through the narrow gap, temporarily cutting off communications.

“We are just ecstatic,” project science engineer Jo Pitesky said by phone from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

Cassini skimmed 3,100 kilometres above Saturn’s cloud tops, closer than ever before, and came within 320 kilometres of the innermost visible ring. Scientists say the pictures show details never seen before — there’s an incredible close-up, for instance, of the gigantic swirling hurricane at Saturn’s north pole.

After 13 years of Cassini orbiting the planet, “Saturn continues to surprise us,” Pitesky said.

NASA’s Cassini probe flew just 1900 miles from Saturn on Wednesday, the closest any aircraft has ever come to the planet, and sent images back to Earth showing cloud cover and weather systems. Colette Luke reports.

Given their importance, data from the crossing are being sent to Earth twice, to make certain nothing is lost. It takes more than an hour for the signals to travel the approximately 1.6 billion kilometres between Saturn and Earth.

This combination of April 26, 2017 images show features in Saturn's atmosphere from closer than ever before. Picture: JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute/NASA

This combination of April 26, 2017 images show features in Saturn’s atmosphere from closer than ever before. Picture: JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute/NASASource:AP

As NASA's Cassini spacecraft continues its weekly ring-grazing orbits, diving just past the outside of Saturn's F ring, it is tracking several small, persistent objects there. These images show two such objects that Cassini originally detected in spring 2016, as the spacecraft transitioned from more equatorial orbits to orbits at increasingly high inclination about the planet's equator. Picture: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute

As NASA’s Cassini spacecraft continues its weekly ring-grazing orbits, diving just past the outside of Saturn’s F ring, it is tracking several small, persistent objects there. These images show two such objects that Cassini originally detected in spring 2016, as the spacecraft transitioned from more equatorial orbits to orbits at increasingly high inclination about the planet’s equator. Picture: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science InstituteSource:Supplied

Twenty-one more crossings are planned — about one a week — before Cassini’s fatal plunge in mid-September.

The next one is Tuesday. Some of those passages will bring Cassini even closer to the planet as well as the innermost D ring. The gap between the rings and the top of Saturn’s atmosphere is between 1,900 to 2,400 kilometres.

While risky, this four and a half-month grand finale is expected to yield a treasure trove of science.

There’s little to lose, even if the spacecraft is lost, given that its fuel tank is practically empty, according to NASA.

Cassini was launched in 1997 from Cape Canaveral, Florida, and reached Saturn in 2004.

Some key numbers for Cassini's Grand Finale and final plunge into Saturn. Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Some key numbers for Cassini’s Grand Finale and final plunge into Saturn. Credits: NASA/JPL-CaltechSource:Supplied

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